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Peace and Justice Committee of Eastern District Conference and Franconia Mennonite Conference

2013 Farm Bill – Food, Nutrition, Farming

This is brief resource list which grows out of the April 2013 Ecumenical Advocacy Days

The 2013 Farm Bill
Historically, the Farm Bill has been renewed about every five years since 1933. The 2008 Farm Bill, which expired Sept. 30, 2012, was extended in part for one year, by the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (ATRA) enacted on Janary 2, 2013. The Farm Bill covers a wide range of farm and agriculture policies, including SNAP (food stamps), international food assistance, farm subisidies for commodities (such as corn, wheat, soy beans, cotton, and sugar), supportive services for new farmers and community farm markets, and conservation. The following resources provide more details about the Farm Bill and current issues.

Resources on the 2013 Farm Bill from a Faith Perspective
Ecumenical Advocacy Days – April 5-8, 2013

Other Farm Bill Resources
National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition

Food Research and Action Center

Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

Food and Water Watch

National Public Radio

Institute for Food and Development Policy (Food First)

Oxfam America

The USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture) and the Congressional Research Service (CRS) have many documents which relate to the Farm Bill, including:

National Agricultural Law Center

Pennsylvania Farm Information

Agribusiness Giants Dominate Grain Trade*

The same three grain giants — Cargill-Continental Grain, Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) and Zen Noh (a Japanese company) — control 81% of the corn exports and 65% of the soybean exports. ADM and Cargill are also among the top four in terminal grain handling, flour milling, soybean crushing and ethanol production.

Concentration of Agricultural Markets in the
top four firms in specific food industries include:

  • Terminal Grain Handling Facilities: 60%
    (Cargill, Cenex Harvest States, ADM, and General Mills)

  • Corn Exports: 81%
    (Cargill-Continental Grain, ADM, and Zen Noh)

  • Soybean Exports: 65%
    (Cargill-Continental Grain, ADM, Zen Noh)

  • Flour Milling: 61%
    (ADM Milling, ConAgra, Cargill, General Mills)

  • Soybean Crushing: 80%
    (ADM, Cargill, Bunge, and AGP)

*Study commissioned by National Farmers Union and conducted by Mary Hendrickson and William Heffernan from the University of Missouri (March 2002).

Food & Nutrition: Pennsylvania Resources

Other faith-based resources on Agricultural Policy

Last updated May 30th, 2013.